Elizabeth A Walker, Francis Wenban-Smith and Frances Healy (eds)

Hardback, c.288p, 93 b/w figs, 55 tbs (Lithic Studies Society Occasional Paper 8, Oxbow Books 2004)

Most of these 28 papers were originally presented at the conference Lithic Studies in the Year 2000, hosted by the Lithic Studies Society in Cardiff, 2000. The original purpose of the conference was to celebrate the coming of age of the Lithic Studies Society in its twenty-first year, and to consider the state of research and potential new developments in lithic analysis at the beginning of the twenty-first century AD. The papers have been divided into three thematic sections. In the first section, "Behaviour and cognition in the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic", the contributors look at ways to reconstruct past human behaviours and cognitive capabilites from periods when lithic evidence is the primary, and sometimes the only source of evidence. Most focus on undisturbed lithic sites and use the analysis of refitted lithic artefacts to approach questions of technology, taphonomy, and the human use of space. In the second section, "Rocks, residues and use-wear", the contributors are concerned with the study of the original characteristics of rocks from different areas of the earth's surface, the selection of specific raw materials for manufacture into tools, the uses to which these tools were put, and how they were used. In the final section, "After hunter-gatherers", the contributors consider the role of lithics in increasingly complex societies and exchange networks, where lithics form just one strand of evidence among many. 

Table of Contents

Behaviour and cognition in the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic
1. Behaviour and cognition in the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic: introduction (Francis Weban-Smith)
2. Behaviour towards lithic production during the Middle Palaeolithic: examples from Hermies Le Champ Bruquette and Hemmies Le Tio Marche (Pas-de-Calais, France) (Luc Vallin and Bertrand Masson)
3. Artefact dynamics in the Middle Pleistocene: implications for hominid behaviour (Jane Hallos)
4. Behavioural implications of bifacediscard: assemblage variability and land-use at the Middle Pleistocene site of Boxgrove (Matthew Pope)
5. Bringing behaviour into focus: Archaic landscapes and lithic technology (Francis Wenban-Smith)
6. The role of refitting in the British Lower Palaeolithich: a time for reflection (Nick Ashton)
7. Lithic artefacts, diversity and the evolution of semiotic behaviour (Grant W.G. Cochrane)

Rocks, residues and use-wear
8. Rocks, residues and use-wear: introduction (elizabeth A. Walker)
9. The provenancing of flint artefacts using palynological techniques. (I.C.Harding, S. Trippier and J. Steele)
10. Sourcing the flint raw materials found at the Acheulian site of Nadaouiyeh Ain Askar in the El Kown Basin, Syria (Inge Diethelm)
11. Lithics, raw materials and ochre: interrogation of data from the Midle pleistocene himinid site of Pontnewydd Cave, Wales (Stephen Aldhouse-Green, Heather Jackson and Tim Young)
12. A comparison between 'total petrography' and geochemistry using portable X-ray flurescence as provenancing tools for some Midlands axeheads. (R.A. Ixer, O. Williams-Thorpe, P.E. Bevins and A.D. Chambers)
13. Archaeological experiements in the production of stone axeheads (Stephen Mandal, Aidan O'Sullivan, Emmet Byrnes, David Weddle and Jimmy Weddle)
14. The supply of raw materials for later prehistoric stone tool assemblages and the maintenance of memorable places in central Somerset (Clive Jonathon Bond)
15. Lithic microwear analysis and the formation of archaeological assemblages (Randolph E. Donahue and Daniela B. Burroni)
16. An Early Bronze eAge pocket lighter (Alfred F. Pawlik)
17. Use-wear analysis on flint artefacts used for cutting roasted meat and fresh hide: a methodological problem? (Claus Skriver)
18. Experimental characterization of hafting traces and their recognition in archaeological assemblages. (Veerle Rots and Pierre M. Vermeersch)
19. Identification of hafting traces and residues by scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive analysis of X-rays (Alfred F. Pawlik)

After hunter-gatherers
20. After hunter-gatherers - lithics in a crowd scene (Frances Healy)
21. The seventh and sixth millennia transition in Switzerland (Ebbe H. Nielsen)
22. Axeheads and fire - the transformation of wealth (Lars Larsson)
23. The origin of the funnel-necked beaker culture flint industry on the North European Plain (Lucyna Domanska)
24. social conditions of flint-working during the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age in Poland and eastern Europe (Witold Migal)
25. The use of flint during the south Scandinavian Late Bronze Age: two technologies, two traditions. (Anders Hogberg)
26. The use of flint in the British Iron Age: results from some recent research (Jodie Humphrey)
27. The role of stone tools in the Early Bronze Age of southern Jordan: the assemblages of Wadi Faynan 100 (Norah Moloney)
28. Lithic tools, a hitherto unrecognised component of Aksumite material culture. (Laurel Phillipson)


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